Directorate of Vigilance and Anti-Corruption


Vigilance Manual : A manual of the DVAC was brought out by the Government in 1982 and updated in 1992. This manual brings together all the basic instructions and guidelines issued by the Government, the Vigilance Commissioner and the Director for the performance of its tasks by the Directorate. This manual is designed to be of special value and guidance to the Investigating officers of the DVAC. As Anti-Corruption investigations are tricky, difficult and peculiar, they have to be handled deftly. The Vigilance manual thus gives guidelines on the technique of investigations. 


Nature of Work : The main responsibility of the DVAC is to exercise vigil (prevention) and to launch anti-corruption (detection) initiatives against corrupt Public Servants. Vigilance aspects include collection of Vigilance Intelligence regarding malpractices/irregularities, criminal misconduct, corrupt practices in the functioning of Public Servants of any department or in the implementation of a project including individual acts of corruption/acquisition of assets disproportionate to one’s known sources of income, etc. Anti- Corruption work involves undertaking enquiries/investigation ordered by the Government against the corrupt Public Servants, laying traps on specific complaints on Public Servants who demand and accept bribe from the public for doing legal work, abuse of authority by Public Servants, accumulation of disproportionate assets by Public Servants and launching of criminal prosecution/tribunal enquires/departmental enquiries.


Who comes under the DVAC Scanner : The DVAC undertakes enquiries into complaints/information about specific acts of bribery or corruption and allied malpractices in the exercise of official authority by all Public Servants connected with the affairs of the State Government including the elected Public Servants and also employees of Public Undertakings and Corporations set up by the State Government, Chairpersons of Municipal Corporations, Vice Chancellors of Universities within the State etc., who are Public Servants as per Sec. 2 (c) of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988. Private persons, abetting the offences of corruption committed by Public Servants could also be brought within the ambit of action by the DVAC.  

Authority for taking up Enquiries / Investigations :  As per G.O.(D) No. 1, P&AR (Per-N), dated 28th January 1992, the following are the authorities who are authorised to initiate corruption enquiries and investigations against Public Servants: 
            (i) The Director, DVAC may authorise preliminary enquiries against Public Servants falling in the groups A, B, C and D and detailed enquiries against Public Servants falling under groups C and D. The Vigilance Commissioner has to authorise a detailed enquiry against Public Servants falling under groups A and B. 
           (ii) Regular cases other than trap cases should not be registered by the DVAC against Public Servants falling under the groups A, B, C or D without obtaining the prior permission of the Vigilance Commissioner. When a Magistrate orders investigation into a corruption complaint under section 156(3) of the Cr.PC 1973, no such prior permission of the Vigilance Commissioner need be obtained. 
           (iii) The Superintendents of Police in the DVAC may authorise organizing traps against Government servants falling under groups C and D and the Director, DVAC against those falling under groups A and B. 
           (iv) In respect of members of the All India Services, District Collectors, Heads of Departments and Managing Directors/Chief Executives of Statutory Bodies, Corporations and State Owned Companies, the Government in consultation with the Vigilance Commissioner alone can order a Preliminary Enquiry/Detailed Enquiry/Regular case.