Preliminary Enquiry: Usually, the first enquiry
into a complaint/information is in the nature of a Preliminary Enquiry
(PE). The Preliminary Enquiry is conducted with utmost secrecy, by contacting
the witnesses and perusing the departmental records through sources. If
the Preliminary Enquiry or the complaint received discloses material,
which merits an open probe, a Detailed Enquiry (DE) is taken up.
Enquiry: A Detailed Enquiry is an "open"
enquiry where there is regular examination of witnesses, besides requisitioning
of documents and records for scrutiny. However, keeping in view the sensitivities,
undue publicity in such enquiries is not desirable. The main objective
in a Detailed Enquiry is to ascertain the availability of substantial
evidence, which will sustain a Departmental Disciplinary Enquiry or Disciplinary
Proceedings before the Tribunal or the registration of a Regular Case,
as the case may be.
Case: If the material thrown up in a Preliminary
Enquiry or a Detailed Enquiry makes out a prima facie case for investigation,
a Regular Case (RC) is registered under section 154 of the Code of Criminal
Procedure, 1973 and investigation taken up.
Prosecution/Disciplinary Tribunal Enquiry/Departmental Disciplinary Action: In
cases where allegations have been wholly or partially substantiated in an
enquiry or a case, the Directorate will send its Final Report to the
Vigilance Commissioner. Depending on the strength of the evidence gathered
during an enquiry/investigation, the DVAC recommends for prosecution in a
Court of Law, enquiry by the Tribunal for Disciplinary Proceedings or
Disciplinary Action by Departmental Authorities or dropping of further
action. If required, the DVAC also recommends for the transfer of a Public
Servant to a less sensitive post or another place, in order to ensure
a free and fair investigation/enquiry. Prosecution of a serving Public
Servant in a Court of Law requires the prior sanction from the Competent
Authority who is competent to remove the Public Servant from his